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Penile cancer, otherwise known as cancer of the penis, is cancer that affects the skin and tissue of the penis. In the United States, penile cancer is very rare. Less than one man inwill get penile cancer. According to the American Cancer Society, each year in the U.
Prostate cancer, which is the most common cancer in men, will be diagnosed inmen each year, and 29, will die from it. The exact cause of penile cancer is not known, however, many risk factors for getting penile cancer are known.
Some risk factors for penile cancer are:. The first of penile cancer is usually changes to the skin of the penis. The skin changes may include:. Most of the time, the skin changes will begin on the glans head of the penis, but penile cancer can occur anywhere on the penis. If you are uncircumcised, you should regularly retract the foreskin and check the skin underneath for changes. And all men should check their penis regularly for any changes. If you see any changes to your penis, call your doctor.
If you have any symptoms of penile cancer, call your doctor and make an appointment right away. Getting an early diagnosis is important because when penile cancer is caught early, treatment tends to be much more effective. However, some experts believe that many cases of penile cancer are preventable, and the best way to prevent it is by avoiding risk factors.
Aside from age, all risk factors for penile cancer can be avoided. If you have symptoms of penile cancer, your doctor will examine you and order some diagnostic tests to find out whether you have cancer and, if you do, what type of cancer it is. The tests may include:. Penile cancer treatment will depend on a of factors, including the type and stage of cancer, your overall health and your preference regarding the treatment options.
At Beaumont, you will have a multidisciplinary team of doctors and professionals working with you to find the best treatment for you. Your team of specialists may include a urologist, an oncologist, a radiation oncologist, a nurse practitioner, and a psychologist or social worker, among others. There are often clinical trials going on that involve treatment for penile cancer. If you have penile cancer, talk with your doctor about clinical trials and whether there are any that might be right for you.
If you have symptoms of penile cancer or already have a diagnosis tip of my penis reddit penile cancer and would like to talk with us about treatment options, call BEAT-CANCER to make an appointment. There are five main types of penile cancer. The types are: Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common type of penile cancer. About 95 percent of all cancers of tip of my penis reddit penis develop from squamous cells, which are flat skin cells.
Cancer that develops from squamous cells is called squamous cell carcinoma. Squamous cell cancers tend to grow slowly, and they can usually be cured if they are found early. Carcinoma in situor CIS, is the earliest stage of squamous cell penile cancer. With CIS, cancer is only found in the top layers of the skin on the penis.
Melanoma is a type of skin cancer that can sometimes affect the skin on the penis. It can grow and spread quickly, which makes it especially dangerous. Melanoma is an uncommon type of cancer of the penis, making up less than 2 percent of all penile cancer.
Basal cell cancer of the penis is rare, making up less than 2 percent of all cases of penile cancer. It affects the basal cells, which are found in the deepest layers of the skin. Adenocarcinomaotherwise known as t disease of the penis, is a very rare form of penile cancer that can develop from sweat glands in the penis.
Adenocarcinoma can look very much like carcinoma in situ of the penis, so it may be difficult to diagnose. Sarcoma is another rare type of penile cancer that develops from the blood vessels, smooth muscle or connective tissue cells of the penis.
It is considered a soft tissue cancer. Sarcomas tend to grow more quickly than other types of cancer. What causes penile cancer? There are many strains of HPV. Some strains cause genital warts and others can cause cancer, including penile cancer. HPV is considered a sexually transmitted virus, as most people contract it through contact with infected sex organs.
Not being circumcised — Uncircumcised men have a higher risk of getting penile cancer. To reduce the risk, make sure you clean underneath the foreskin to reduce the risk of infection, smegma and phimosis. Phimosis — Phimosis is a condition that makes it difficult to retract the foreskin of the penis.
Phimosis may be preventable by retracting the foreskin and cleaning underneath it regularly. Smegma — This is a foul-smelling, thick substance that can develop when oily secretions, dead skin cells and bacteria build up under the foreskin of the penis. Retracting the foreskin and cleaning thoroughly underneath it can help reduce the risk of smegma, which may also reduce the risk of penile cancer.
Smoking —Smoking can put people at risk for many types of cancer, not just lung cancer. Smokers or former smokers who are also infected with HPV have an even higher risk of getting penile cancer than someone who has either risk factor individually. UV light treatment for psoriasis — A skin disease called psoriasis is sometimes treated with PUVA therapy, which involves taking the drug psoralens and following up with exposure to ultraviolet A UVA light.
To reduce the risk of penile cancer, men who undergo this type of therapy should cover their genitals during treatment. Age — More than half of the men who develop penile cancer are over the age of What are the s and symptoms of penile cancer? The skin changes may include: Color change — The skin may become darker or lighter or may change color from flesh-toned to red.
Change in skin thickness — The skin of the penis may become thicker or change texture. Tissue buildup — You may notice a buildup of tissue on the penis or a raised area of skin. Sore or ulcer — Some penile cancer may begin with a tip of my penis reddit or ulcerated area of skin on the penis. Lump on the penis — You may notice a lump or bump on the penis.
Other s and symptoms of penile cancer include: Reddish, velvety rash on the penis Small bumps that can appear crusty Flat growths that are blue-ish brown in color Unusual or new discharge from the penis that may have a foul odor Swelling of the tip of the penis Swollen lymph nodes in the groin area that may feel like lumps under the skin of the groin If you have any symptoms of penile cancer, call your doctor and make an appointment right away. Can penile cancer be prevented?
Here are some ways you can reduce your risk for getting penile cancer: Avoid HPV infection. HPV infection is a major risk factor for penile cancer. Condoms offer some protection from HPV, but you can still contract the virus even when wearing a condom. You can also contract HPV during oral and anal sex. Limiting your of sexual partners is one way to reduce your risk. There is a vaccine against some strains of HPV that is approved for use in males. Gardasil is meant to prevent two strains of HPV that can cause genital and anal cancer, however, it has not been proven yet that it can prevent penile cancer.
If you do smoke, quit. Maintain good genital hygiene. If you are uncircumcised, make sure to retract and clean thoroughly underneath your foreskin every day. How is penile cancer diagnosed? The tests may include: Biopsy — To make a definitive diagnosis of penile cancer, you will likely need to undergo a biopsy.
Biopsy involves removing some tissue from your penis or lymph nodes and examining it in a laboratory. There are three types of biopsy that may be performed. Incisional biopsy involves removing only part of the abnormal tissue. It is usually done for larger lesions, sores or ulcerations, and lesions that appear to grow deeper into the tissue.
Excisional tip of my penis reddit removes the entire lesion or abnormal growth.Tip of my penis reddit
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